Template:Smallcaps/doc

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This is a documentation subpage for Template:Smallcaps (see that page for the template itself).
It contains usage information, categories and other content that is not part of the original template page.

Template:COinS safe {{Smallcaps}} will display the lowercase part of your text as a soft format of typographical small caps.
For example: {{Smallcaps|Beware of Dog}}{{Smallcaps|Beware of Dog}}.

This template should be avoided or used sparingly in articles, as the Manual of Style advises that small caps should be avoided and reduced to one of the other title cases or normal case, and that markup should be kept simple.

Template:Em in small caps, use {{Smallcaps2}} (a.k.a. {{sc2}}) instead.

Usage[edit source]

Your source text is not altered in the output, only the way it is displayed on the screen: a copy-paste of the text will give the small caps sections in their original form; similarly, an older or non-CSS browser will only display the original text on screen.

Code
{{Smallcaps|Your Text in 4004 BC}}
Displayed
Your Text in 4004 BC
Pasted
Your Text in 4004 BC

This template is therefore intended for the use of caps as a typographic style, such as rendering family names in bibliographies in small caps to distinguish them from given names. It should not be used for acronyms or abbreviations which are supposed to be capitalized regardless of style. For such cases, use {{Smallcaps2}}.

Notes[edit source]

  • Diacritics (å, ç, é, ğ, ı, ñ, ø, ş, ü, etc.) are handled. However, because the job is performed by each reader's browser, inconsistencies in CSS implementations can lead to some browsers not converting certain rare diacritics.
  • Use of this template does not generate any automatic categorization. As with most templates, if the argument contains an = sign, the sign should be replaced with {{=}}, or the whole argument be prefixed with 1=. And for wikilinks, you need to use piping. There is a parsing problem with MediaWiki which causes unexpected behavior when a template with one style is used within a template with another style.
  • There is a problem with dotted and dotless I. {{Lang|tr|{{Smallcaps|ı i}}}} gives you ı i, although the language is set to Turkish.
  • Do not use this inside Citation Style 1 or Citation Style 2 templates, or this template's markup will be included in the COinS metadata. This means that reference management software such as Zotero will store the markup. For example, if {{smallcaps}} is used to format the surname of Bloggs, Joe in {{cite journal}}, then Zotero will store the name as <span style="font-variant:small-caps;">Bloggs</span>, Joe. This is incorrect metadata. If the article that you are editing uses a citation style that includes small caps, either format the citation manually (see examples below) or use a citation template that specifically includes small caps in its formatting, like {{Cite LSA}}.

Code examples[edit source]

Code Display (screen)
Green tickY {{Smallcaps|The ''Name'' of the 2nd Game}} The Name of the 2nd Game
Green tickY Leonardo {{Smallcaps|DiCaprio}} (born 1974) Leonardo DiCaprio (born 1974)
Green tickY José {{Smallcaps|Álvarez de Toledo y Gonzaga}} José Álvarez de Toledo y Gonzaga
Green tickY {{Smallcaps|Nesbø, Vågen, Louÿs, Zúñiga, Kabaağaçlı}} Nesbø, Vågen, Louÿs, Zúñiga, Kabaağaçlı
When your text uses an = sign:
Template:N {{Smallcaps|You and Me = Us}} {{{1}}}
Green tickY {{Smallcaps|You and Me &#61; Us}} You and Me = Us
Green tickY {{Smallcaps|You and Me {{=}} Us}} You and Me = Us
Green tickY {{Smallcaps|1=You and Me = Us}} You and Me = Us
When your text uses a template:
Template:N in {{Smallcaps|Fiddler's {{Green{{!}}Green}}}} forever Green}} forever
Green tickY in {{Smallcaps|1=Fiddler's {{Green|Green}}}} forever in Fiddler's Template:Green forever
Green tickY in {{Smallcaps|Fiddler's {{Green|Green}}}} forever in Fiddler's Template:Green forever
Green tickY {{Green|1=in {{Smallcaps|Fiddler's Green}} forever}} Template:Green
Green tickY {{Colors|green|yellow|3=in {{Smallcaps|Fiddler's Green}} forever}} Template:Colors
When your text uses a | pipe:
Template:N {{Smallcaps|Before|afteR}} Before
Template:N {{Smallcaps|1=Before{{!}}afteR}} afteR
Green tickY {{Smallcaps|Before&#124;afteR}} Before|afteR
When your text uses a link:
Template:N [[{{Smallcaps|Mao}} Zedong]] [[Mao Zedong]]
Green tickY [[Mao Zedong|{{Smallcaps|Mao}} Zedong]] Mao Zedong

Note that most of these uses are not sanctioned by the WP:Manual of Style and should be avoided in article prose.

Reasons to use small caps[edit source]

Small caps are useful for encyclopedical and typographical uses including:

To lighten ALL-CAPS surnames mandated by citation styles such as Harvard

Note that this template should not be used inside CS1 or CS2 citation templates, such as {{cite book}} or {{citation}}.

  • Piccadilly has been compared to "a Parisian boulevard" (Dickens 1879).
  • Dickens, C., Jr (1879). "Piccadilly" in Dickens's Dictionary of London. London: C. Dickens.[1]
To disambiguate Western names and surnames at a glance
To disambiguate Eastern surnames and given names at a glance
Especially in Hong Kong and Macao, a Western given name may be added as well:
To cite Unicode character names correctly without unwanted emphasizing
  • Such names are required to be written in capitals by the Unicode standard. In running text, "U+022A latin capital letter o with diaeresis and macron" is a less predominant alternative to "U+022A LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH DIAERESIS AND MACRON".

Technical[edit source]

Technically, the template merely wraps the standard:

<span style="font-variant:small-caps;"> ... </span>

(The "font-variant:small-caps;text-transform:lowercase" has not been used because it does not work at least in Internet Explorer 5 and 6, which are still fairly common browsers.)

Comparison of the small caps templates[edit source]

The desired result:

A suboptimal result:

The highly undesirable result:

  • The {{Smallcaps all}} template actually converts everything to lower case, then presents it in small-caps, with the result that the sentence above will mis-paste as 'The King James Version of 1611 ad renders the Tetragrammaton as "lord".' This is not the intended output for either of the two cases of the template's use in that sentence.

See also[edit source]

Templates that change the display (copy-paste will get the original text):

Magic words that rewrite the output (copy-paste will get the text as displayed):

  • {{lc:}} – lower case output of the full text
  • {{uc:}} – upper case output of the full text
  • {{lcfirst:}} – lower case output of the first character only
  • {{ucfirst:}} – upper case output of the first character only